Francis, A.L. (2022). Adding noise is a confounded nuisance. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 152, 1375. Published online Sept. 2, 2022. DOI: 10.1121/10.0013874


Love, J., Sung, W., & Francis, A. L. (2021). Psychophysiological responses to potentially annoying heating, ventilation, and air conditioning noise during mentally demanding work. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 150(4), 3149-3163. DOI: 10.1121/10.0006383

Keehn, B., Kadlaskar, G., Bergmann, S., McNally Keehn, R., & Francis, A. (2021). Attentional disengagement and the locus coeruleus – norepinephrine system in children with autism spectrum disorder. Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience. DOI: 10.3389/fnint.2021.716447

Xu, D., Newell, M., & Francis, A.L. (2021).  Fall-related injuries mediate the relationship between self-reported hearing loss and mortality in middle-aged and older adults. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Medical Sciences, 76(9), e213–e220.
DOI: 10.1093/gerona/glab123

Francis, A. L., Bent, T., Schumaker, J., Love, J., & Silbert, N. (2021). Listener characteristics differentially affect self-reported and physiological measures of effort associated with two challenging listening conditions. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 83(4), 1818-1841.DOI: 10.3758/s13414-020-02195-9

Law, W.L., Dmitrieva, O., & Francis, A.L. (2021). Language attitudes modulate phonetic interactions between languages in bilingual speakers in diglossic settings. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism, 11(3), 289-322.


Francis, A.L. & Love, J. (2020).  Listening Effort: Are we measuring cognition, affect, or both?  Invited review article, WIREs Cognitive Science. e1514


Xu, D., & Francis, A.L. (2019) Psychological distress mediates the relationship between hearing impairment and cardiovascular disease. Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research; 62(8), 2872-2881.

Keehn, B., Kadlaskar, G., NcNally Keehn, R., & Francis, A.L. (2019).  Auditory attentional disengagement in children with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. Available online June, 4 2019.


Francis, A.L. & Oliver, J. (2018). Psychophysiological measurement of affective responses during speech perception, Hearing Research, 369, 103-119.

Francis, A.L., Tigchelaar, L.J., Zhang, R., & Zekveld, A.A. (2018). Effects of second language proficiency and linguistic uncertainty on recognition of speech in native and nonnative competing speech. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, epub, 1-16.


Strauss, D.J. & Francis, A.L. (2017). Toward a taxonomic model of attention in effortful listening. Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neurosciences, , 17(4), 809-825.


Francis, A.L., MacPherson, M.K., Chandrasekaran, B., & Alvar, A.M. (2016). Autonomic nervous system responses during perception of masked speech may reflect constructs other than subjective listening effort. Frontiers in Psychology: Cognitive Hearing Mechanisms of Language Understanding: Short- and Long-term Perspectives, 7(263), 1-15.

Llanos, F. & Francis, A.L. (2016). The effects of language experience and speech context on the phonetic accommodation of English-accented Spanish voicing. Language & Speech, 60(1), 3-26.


Dmitrieva, O., Llanos, F., Shultz, A.A., & Francis, A.L. (2015). Phonological status, not voice onset time, determines the acoustic realization of onset f0 as a secondary voicing cue in Spanish and English. Journal of Phonetics49, 77-95.


Lin, M. & Francis, A.L. (2014). Effects of language experience and expectations on attention to consonants and tones in English and Mandarin Chinese. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 136(5), 2827-2838.


Llanos, F., Dmitrieva, O., Shultz, A.A., & Francis, A.L. (2013). Auditory enhancement and second language experience in Spanish and English weighting of secondary voicing cues. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 134(3), 2213-2224.

Roberts, F. & Francis, A.L. (2013). Identifying a temporal threshold of tolerance for silent gaps after requests. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 133(6), EL471-EL477. 2012.


Shultz, A.A., Francis, A.L., & Llanos, F. (2012). Differential cue weighting in perception and production of consonant voicing. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 132(2), EL95-EL101.


Cristià, A., McGuire, G., Seidl, A., & Francis, A. (2011). Effects of the distribution of cues on infants’ perception of speech sounds. Journal of Phonetics, 39, 388-402.


Kondaurova, M.V. & Francis, A.L. (2010). The role of selective attention in the acquisition of English tense and lax vowels by native Spanish listeners: comparison of three training methods. Journal of Phonetics, 38(4), 569-587.

Zhang, Y. & Francis, A.L. (2010). The weighting of vowel quality in native and non-native listeners’ perception of English lexical stress. Journal of Phonetics, 38(2), 260-271.

Francis, A.L. (2010). Improved segregation of simultaneous talkers differentially affects perceptual and cognitive capacity demands for recognizing speech in competing speech. Attention, Perception and Psychophysics, 72(2), 501-516.


Francis, A.L., & Nusbaum, H.C. (2009). Effects of intelligibility on working memory demand for speech perception. Attention, Perception and Psychophysics,71(6), 1360-1374.

Finneran, D., Francis, A.L., & Leonard, L. (2009). Sustained attention in preschool-age children with specific language impairment. Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research52, 915-929.


Kondaurova, M.V., & Francis, A.L. (2008). The relationship between native allophonic experience with vowel duration and perception of the English tense/lax vowel contrast by Spanish and Russian listeners. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America124(6), 3959-3971.

Francis, A.L., Kaganovich, N., & Driscoll-Huber, C.J. (2008). Cue-specific effects of categorization training on the relative weighting of acoustic cues to consonant voicing in English. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America124 (2), 1234-1251.

Zhang, Y., Nissen, S.L., & Francis, A.L. (2008). Acoustic characteristics of English lexical stress produced by native Mandarin speakers. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America123(6), 4498-4513.

Francis, A.L., Ciocca, V., Ma, L., & Fenn, K. (2008). Perceptual learning of Cantonese lexical tones by tone and non-tone language speakers. Journal of Phonetics36, 268-294.


Tong, Y., Francis, A.L. & Gandour, J.T. (2007). Perceptual processing dependencies between segmental and suprasegmental features of a tone language. Language and Cognitive Processes23(5), 689-708.

Francis, A.L., Nusbaum, H.C., & Fenn, K. (2007). Effects of training on the acoustic phonetic representation of synthetic speech. Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research50(6), 1445-1465.


Francis, A.L., Ciocca, V., Wong, V.K.M., & Chan, J.K.L. (2006). Is fundamental frequency a cue to aspiration in initial stops? Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 120(5), 2884-2896.

Kaganovich, N., Francis, A.L., & Melara, R.D. (2006). Electrophysiological evidence for early interaction between talker and linguistic information during speech perception. Brain Research, 1114, 161-172.

Francis, A.L., & Driscoll, C.J. (2006). Training to use voice onset time as a cue to talker identification induces a left ear/right hemisphere processing advantage. Brain and Language, 98, 310–318.

Xu, Y., Gandour, J.T., & Francis, A.L. (2006). Effects of language experience and stimulus complexity on the categorical perception of pitch direction. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America120(2), 1063-1074.

Roberts, F., Francis, A.L., & Morgan, M. (2006). The interaction of inter-turn silence with prosodic cues in listener perception of ‘trouble’ in conversation. Speech Communication48, 1079-1093.

Francis, A.L., Ciocca, V.C., Wong, N.K.U., Leung, W.H.Y., & Chu, P.C.Y. (2006). Extrinsic context affects perceptual normalization of lexical tone. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 119(3), 1712-1726.


Francis, A.L., Ciocca, V.C., & Ng, B.K.C. (2003). On the (non)categorical perception of lexical tones. Perception & Psychophysics, 65(6), 1029-1044.

Francis, A.L. & Ciocca, V. (2003). Stimulus presentation order and the perception of lexical tones in Cantonese. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 114(3), 1611-1621.

Francis, A.L., & Ho, D.W.L. (2003). Acquisition of three spoken languages by a child with a cochlear implant. Cochlear Implants International, 4(1), 31-47.

Francis, A.L., Ciocca, V., & Yu, J.M.C. (2003). Accuracy and variability of acoustic measures of voicing onset. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 113(2), 1025-1032.

Whitehill, T.L., Francis, A.L., & Ching, C. K.-Y. (2003). Perception of stop placement by children with cleft palate and posterior placement. Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research,46, 451-461.


Ciocca, V., Francis, A.L., Aisha, R., & Wong, L. (2002). The perception of Cantonese lexical tones by prelingually deaf cochlear implantees. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 111(5), 2250-2256.

Francis, A.L,. & Nusbaum, H. C. (2002). Selective attention and the acquisition of new phonetic categories. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 28(2), 349–366.


Francis, A. L., Baldwin, K., & Nusbaum, H. C. (2000). Effects of training on attention to acoustic cues. Perception and Psychophysics,62(8), 1668-1680.


Francis, A. L., & Nusbaum, H. C. (1999). The effect of lexical complexity on intelligibility. International Journal of Speech Technology, 3, 15-25.


Nusbaum, H. C., Francis, A. L., & Henly, A.S. (1995). Measuring the naturalness of synthetic speech. International Journal of Speech Technology, 1, 7-19.

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